Source Materials for K&H2 Spill

From a Report Prepared by Teresa Mills

From inspection reports, K&H #2, permit number 3823.

January 9, 2014 – witnessed 96 feet of new 13 3/8 inch conductor set in 122 feet of 17 1/2 inch bore hole with 114 sacks Class A cement. Circulation established and good returns seen at surface. Cement fell back roughly 10 feet and was grouted to the surface using four sacks of Class A, cement. The cement top fell again roughly 10 feet. Not enough cement on truck to top off again. Will check cement top tomorrow after it is set. Completion Report cement used 162 sacks.

January 13, 2014 – witnessed 379 feet of new 9 5/8 inch surface casing and set 410 feet of 12.25 inch bore hole with 141 sacks of Class A, cement. Circulation established and good returns seen at surface. During the casing pressure test roughly 2-3 bbl of cement was burped out between the annular space and the cement top dropped an estimated 100 feet. 28 sacks of Class A cement used to route back to surface. The cement top continued to fall 2-3 feet while I was still there. Casing pressure test did not indicate a failure in the integrity of the surface casing string. Completion Report cement used 181 sacks.

Next inspection report switches from drill/deepen/reopened to Administrative Inspection.

January 14, 2014 – I spoke with Kevin Mac Donald the company representative this morning and he informed me the cement top I dropped back roughly 20 feet overnight. We discussed remedial actions to be taken.


January 14, 2014 – witnessed remedial grout job on surface casing. A spaghetti sting was ran down the annular space and 9 sacks of Class A cement was circulated to the surface. Good returns seen at surface and did not fall back.

January 14, 2014 – witnessed a bond log run on the surface casing to determine any potential problems with the cement bond. Cement was tagged inside the pipe at 367 feet, total surface casing ran was 378 so there is still cement inside the pipe. Log showed 100% bond from total depth to 150 feet. After that there was not enough hydrostatic pressure to get accurate reading with logging tools. A plumb bob was used to measure at the top of the cement between the surface casing and the conductor and was found to be around 12 feet. A remedial grout job will be performed tonight to bring cement top to the surface, after cement has set up a surface casing pressure test will be administered in order to verify casing integrity before drilling commences.

January 14, 2014 – witnessed 9 5/8 inch surface casing cement bond log. Appalachian Wireline company tag top of cement inside 9 5/8 inch casing at approximately 370 feet. Ran a segmented radio bond log.

January 15, 2014 – Administered surface casing pressure test before drilling out the shoe. Minimum test pressure was 300 PSI, actual testing pressure was 390 PSI. A 15 PSI loss in pressure was recorded over the 30 min. testing period, which is less than the allowable 10% loss to proof casing integrity.

ODNR failed to provide the hard copy of the inspection report for January 16, 2014. The RBDMS database shows the following;

January 16, 2014 – Upon arrival at the site at 9:15 AM I noted a vacuum truck on site that was drilling water from the pit. I spoke with the driller and he informed me that they had hit water in the Injun Sandstone at 1432 feet and the pit has started to take on water. He also I (the RBDMS report drops the remainder of the comment) . According to the RBDMS there was a violation. Even though I requested all copies of inspection reports as well as violations ODNR did not provide the violation noted above.

NOTE: According to the “Well Completion Report, 1432 feet would fall in the Keener Sand (1373-1472) and not the Injun Sandstone as reported in the inspection report. The Big Injun begins at 1490 according to the “Completion Report”. According to the “Completion Report from 1462-1530 ft they hit both gas and brine. Hit gas from 1627-1684 ft and 1882-1887 ft. Hit gas again from 3420-3902 and 3329-3452. And again at 3900-3964 ft . TD was at 3968.

Inspection purpose NOV follow-up

January 17, 2014 – meet with inspector Josh Garland and Trevor Irwin OEPA on-site to coordinate the removal of contaminated fluids and soil from the drill pits spill on 1-16-14. Drilling equipment had to be moved and then we had meet with representatives from the central environmental services to review the logistics of the site remediation plan. Equipment was brought in to remove fluids and soil from the intermittent stream. On-site testing was done to monitor chloride levels in the water and soil. Contaminated areas were delineated for soil removal.

January 17, 2014 – follow up to 1390058718. Met with Trevor Irwin of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency emergency (OEPA) Spill Response. Witnessed central environmental services removing contaminated waters and soils from the stream bed with a vacuum truck. An estimated 40 barrels of soil and water had been removed by the vacuum truck thus far, including yesterday evening. Samples 14 and 15 were taken in the stream, bad after excavation and found to have 30 ppm and 36 ppm chloride content, respectively. Sample 16 was taken from soil just before stream enters the culvert and had 720 ppm chloride content. Review timetable of events with Jeff Harper of central environmental services and discussed remediation efforts. Meet with Kerry Brown, of Monroe drilling. Trevor Irwin of the OEPA, and Davon Rains of central environmental to discuss remediation plans. Most of the remaining contaminated soils of site of the drilling pad were removed that evening, an estimated 12 tons thus far.


January 18, 2014 – follow up to 1390058718. Upon arrival it was noted much of the contaminated soils off-site have been removed. Some of the contaminated soil had been used to construct the secondary containment Dike wall, so all of the contaminated soils were removed from the Dike wall and construction was completed using uncontaminated soils. A 6 inch corrugated flex line was laid and buried from above the site, where a natural spring ran into the site, to the intermittent stream below. In order to prevent the spring from flowing into the pit. Work began laying the liner for the Dike wall of the secondary containment. An estimated 6 to 10 tons of contaminated soils were removed from the site.

January 19, 2014 – follow-up to 1390058718. Reviewed secondary containment construction. Spoke with Devon Rains regarding corrections to be made.

January 19, 2014 – follow-up to 1390058718. Met with Davon Rains and CharlotteDolakof of Stonebridge to review secondary Dike wall construction. The liner was found not to be watertight. Corrections are to be made in order to ensure the liner and the Dike are liquid tight. Samples taken at the site to verify all of the contaminated soils have been removed from off-site and out of intermittent stream. None of the samples showed results higher than the EPA approved safe drinking water standards.

January 19, 2014 – Administrative Inspection.

Follow-up to 1390058718. I spoke with the owner and the secondary containment construction contractor. I was assured the Dike had been constructed to our suggested specifications. I hen contacted Dave Claus and was given the go-ahead to allow the company to begin drilling operations once more. (This inspection report ends the NOV follow-up)

January 21, 2014 – total depth at the time of inspection was 1810 feet. I spoke with the driller and with Mr. Jeff Harper on-site. Secondary containment was in place around the drilling site and plastic liner was in place as well.

Request Facility Reports for K&H2 at:

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